The Land of Mahatma Gandhi stands divided along the lines of caste, creed, language and religion. Gandhi's vision of an independent India based on religious pluralism is shattered or being forced to shatter by some anti-social elements.
India continues to witness the rising menace of communal violence, hate, bigotry, riots and assassinations of leaders. Unfortunately, governments have failed to keep a check on communal violence and political parties use these incidents as tool to gain electoral advantages.
660 people died, 1074 injured and over 48,000 became homeless.
In September 1969, hate fuelled by religious intolerance, gave rise to one of the deadliest riots in the history of Gujarat, leading to large scale plundering, massacre, and arson.
One of the biggest and most destructive riots claimed the lives of 660 people, among which around 430 were Muslims. Besides high death toll, 1074 people were injured and over 48,000 lost their property.
At least 400 official death reported, while actual death count remains uncertain
In august 1980, a Muslim-Police conflict turned into a holocaust triggered by Hindu-Muslim animosity in the city of Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh.
The four-month long riots witnessed a series of violent events which took religious overtones, and led to looting, arson and killings.
Official death toll 2800 and around 20,000 displaced
The 1984 Sikh riots erupted in response to assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards. This lead to the massacre of around 3000 Sikhs in Delhi and around 8000 across India.
These riots lead to mass killings, forced conversion, arson, abduction and rape which also gained worldwide criticism.
More than 350 killed
The 1987 riots erupted in the wake of Babri Masjid controversy, that created communal tension between Hindus and Muslims resulted into a grievous loss of lives and estimated property loss of around 50 crores.
Muslim mob attacked various places, doctors were targeted for treating people of other communities, which was later retaliated by Hindu mobs. Many Muslims were burnt alive.
1000 people were killed, 50,000 were displaced
In October 1989, the Bhagalpur district of Bihar, turned into a graveyard when Hindu-Muslims tensions escalated, in the backdrop of Ayodhya temple and Babri Masjid conflict.
It was the worst communal violence in Independent India that had surpassed the Gujarat Riots. Rampage, killings, looting and destruction of property were witnessed during the riots.
Over 300 killed, 190,000 Kashmiri Pandits abandoned their homes
In January 1990, Kashmir became the victim of a mass hysteria triggered by terrorists in the name of religious frenzy, which resulted in exodus of Kashmiri Pandits from their ancestral land.
They were forced to leave Kashmir, which adversely affected the lives of Kashmiri Pandits leaving no option but to live as refugees.
At least 2000 people killed
In December 1992, a large group of Hindu Kar Sevaks (activists) demolished the 16th-century Babri Mosque in the city of Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh leading to intercommunal riots between Hindus and Muslims.
This incident is one of the biggest instances in Indian history that showcases the pinnacle of communal hatred. Hindus and Muslims attacked each other, looting, and destruction places of worship were part of this riot.
257 people died, 717 injured
In March 1993, Bombay suffered huge devastation after a series of 12 bomb explosions took place. It was in revenge of 1992 communal riots that had killed many Muslims.
These explosions are counted to be one of the deadliest attack in the Indian history that witnessed first of its kind ‘Serial blasts’ across the globe.
Over 2000 people died, 2,500+ injured, over 150,000 people were displaced.
Inter-communal violence and hate took an ugly shape in 2002 at Gujarat pogrom, where mobs of Hindus killed and looted many to seek vengeance for the burning of a train in Godhra on 27 February 2002.
The Gulbarg Society Massacre was one of the deadliest incidents in the sphere of communal riots that killed more than 1,000 people. One of the most brutal and lethal incident after independence.
62 people died, 210 injured
In yet another hate incident in October 2005, a series of bombs exploded in two markets in central and south Delhi and in a bus in the Govindpuri area in the south of the city.
Indian Intelligence Services claimed that Lashkar-e-Taiba-A terror outfit, was behind the planning and plotting of the attack. This attack was strongly condemned by international communities including countries like United States, Britain, Canada, Australia etc.
209 people killed, 700+ injured
On 11 July, 2006, terror and hate created havoc in Mumbai in a short span of just 11 minutes with a series of seven bomb blasts, which took place in trains on the Western line of the Suburban Railway network.
Lashkar-e-Qahhar, a terrorist organization likely to be associated with Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), claimed the responsibility of the bombings.
166 people killed, 600+ injured
On 26 November, 2008, 10 Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists carried out a series of 12 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks. The harrowing attack lasted for four days across Mumbai drew worldwide condemnation.
The attacker tried to harm maximum people and kept people under hostage in many places after incursion. The attack on Taj Hotel was one of the major event that took place during this attack.
62 killed, 93 injured and over 50,000 displaced
The exact cause of these riots is unknown but it is speculated to be an eve teasing incident where two relatives of the girl killed the Muslim eve-teaser but in return a Muslim mob lynched both of them.
It is among the darkest chapters in the history of Independent India, and an epitome of sheer hatred that still prevails between these two religious communities.
The violence broke out during the procession of Rajput warrior-king Maharana Pratap over the loud music. In the violence, one man was killed, 16 were injured and 25 Dalit houses were burned. This incident led to the emergence of Bhim army, who shouted for the justice of the Dalits.
This hate incident and its narrative are of particular importance, because it was not a communal violence, but a caste-based violence that shows the root of hatred among the same religion.